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  Medical Investigations: The Barely Testified Oracle about the Age – Knowledge | Bit Updates
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Medical Investigations: The Barely Testified Oracle about the Age – Knowledge

Saturday, January 6th, 2018 | bitcoin updates


When Alama Makeba (name changed) arrived in Berlin, she was 16 years old. She fled Guinea in 2013 because her father married her against a much older man, despite having a child with her boyfriend when she was 13 years old. The youth welfare office doubted the age and sent them to the radiological examination at the Berlin University Hospital Charité. Whether kindergarten or school, champagne or seltzer, moped or motorcycle – the age is crucial for many things in life. It determines when the pension starts and someone is convicted. But recognizing just this age of a person – regardless of passports or birth registries – is anything but trivial. Although the age is literally in the bones, which become brittle over the years, as well as the gray hair. However, such signs of aging are not good enough to determine the exact age of a person on the year or even the month. Because unlike the annual rings of trees, the individual age of a person is nowhere in the body. After the murder of a 15-year-old in Kandel there was last a heated debate because several sides doubted the age of the suspect. How do the procedures work? The Association for Forensic Age Diagnostics of the German Society of Legal Medicine recommends a combination of three tests for age estimation: First, a doctor should examine the physique and the puberty characteristics, such as hair or breast development. If this check does not result in a clear diagnosis, then the left hand is x-rayed. Is the skeleton fully developed, which is the case from about 16 years, is carried out in addition a computed tomogram of the clavicle region. An ossified clavicle indicates a full-grown body. In addition, the dentition is X-rayed to determine the growth stage of the wisdom teeth, which often train between the age of 18 and 25. Immediately many immigrants correct their age down Alama Makeba also completed these tests. If German authorities question age, they can order an X-ray. In Austria, the forensic age estimate is even mandatory, should there be any doubt about the minority of an immigrant. Between 2011 and 2014, the expert and general practitioner Ernst Rudolf examined a total of 699 immigrants in Austria. According to his examination, almost all (690) were on average 2.6 years older than claimed. The experts report in this country: In 2962 allegedly underage refugees, the Hamburg authorities had in one-third doubt. 73 percent were older than 18, according to the forensic analysts. "I only remember one case: A girl from Eritrea gave his age higher – to work and money to send home," says the legal physician Andreas Schmeling of the University Hospital Münster, who has examined hundreds of refugees. It seems that immigrants often pretend to be younger in order to gain a right to stay.

It's better not to throw a coin. In the past 20 years, the German Medical Association – the annual general meeting of the German Medical Association – five times pointed out that the forensic age estimate was inaccurate. You can deviate from the actual age by up to two years. The conclusion of the medical profession: The previous methods are to be rejected. Pediatrician Tim Cole of London University College, who specializes in the assessment of child body growth, says, "The methods are so unfair that it is better to throw a coin to make a decision between the age and the age stated." In short, experts are arguing that Age can be determined exactly enough for a momentous judgment. Thomas Nowotny, a pediatrician in Stephanskirchen, is one of the most prominent opponents of medical age estimation: In this way, true age can only be roughly estimated, he and two of his colleagues wrote in 2014 in Deutsches Ärzteblatt. "Controversial radiological procedures for age diagnostics can have dramatic consequences for the young people affected." They are sometimes threatened with deportation. Even Makeba was afraid for many years.

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